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How to Defend Your Pet Against Anemia

How to Defend Your Pet Against Anemia

Anemia is a condition that occurs in pets when their red blood cell count is lower than normal. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen to different parts of the body. The hemoglobin in the red blood cells causes blood to have a red tint and is the responsible party for delivering the oxygen. If the number of red blood cells being produced drops then your pets body has to work much harder to get oxygen to different parts of the body. Anemia causes animals hearts to beat faster, causes a depressed mood, makes their gums turn pale and fatigues them.

Anemia can be extremely serious if it is not caught and treated right away. A young dog or cat are at an added risk for developing anemia if they are infested with fleas or internal parasites. Their bodies are much more easily weakened when their blood is being fed on. Be sure to get rid of fleas and worms right away if your dog or cat is very young.

Anemia can be caused by three categories of problems – loss of blood, low red blood cell production and hemolysis.

Many things can cause the loss of blood. The most common are injury or trauma to internal organs, parasites and blood vessel damage. There are also a whole group of substances that can cause damage leading to blood loss. Make sure your pet stays away from cooked onions, any type of OTC or prescription drugs, propylene glycol, zinc and copper.

Hemolytic anemia is the most common form of anemia found in pets. It is caused by immune-mediated diseases. When this occurs the body actually attacks its own red blood cells rather than the germs that it would normally attack. Certain breeds of dogs are more prone to get this – including poodles, spaniel breeds and Old English sheepdogs.

If anemia is serious your pet might need medication and an IV of blood or fluids. Just make sure that you get them to the vet right away if you are seeing any symptoms.

Make sure that you keep an insect and worm repellant on your pet, feed them a balanced diet and give them regular exercise. Dandelion, ashwagandha and milk thistle can all be used to boost the immune system and levels of hemoglobin. Make sure that you take extra care when your cat or dog is really young. They are more likely to get anemia when they are puppies and kittens.…

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Health Benefits of Black Fungus

Health Benefits of Black Fungus

Traditionally used in Chinese cooking, the benefits of black fungus or ear mushroom are often overlooked by modern Chinese themselves. The Chinese call it cloud ear or tree ear fungus and it derives its various names from where it grows and its shape. It grows on a variety of dead woods and looks like the ear in its original dry form. When soaked, it expands to many times its original size, forming a rubbery mass of twirls that look like the shape of a billowing cloud.

In more modern times, black fungus has been found to possess anticoagulant properties and prevent blood clotting in blood vessels. In terms of taste and price, it is a much better alternative to pig liver as a good source of iron, containing up to seven times of iron compared to pig liver which actually taste awful. Lack of iron in the blood can cause anemia, a condition that makes a person feels weak and tired easily due to inadequate oxygen in the blood.

Besides this, black fungus is also rich in protein, vitamins D, B1 and B2. It is also a good source of calcium, reportedly containing twice the amount of calcium compared to milk. The Chinese traditionally eat this to improve the quality of blood and blood circulation, thus helping a person to live longer. Recent reports allude to it being able to help prevent cancer.

Black fungus has great benefits but very little taste on its own. Before cooking, it has to be soaked in adequate water for at least fifteen minutes and then cut into strips. For convenience, dried black fungus in strips form are also available in supermarkets. It is traditionally cooked with stirred fried vegetables like cabbage, carrot, bean sprouts or broccoli, or even chicken meat strips. It can also be added to rice porridge, herbal soups or added as part of a salad dish.…

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Anemia – Hemolytic Anemia

Anemia – Hemolytic Anemia

ANEMIA:

Anemia is defined as a below normal plasma hemoglobin concentration resulting from a decreased number of circulating red blood cells or an abnormally low total hemoglobin content per unit of blood volume. anemia can be caused by chronic blood loss, bone marrow abnormalities, increased hemolysis, infections, malignancy, endocrine deficiencies, renal failure, and a number of other disease states. Anemia can be at least temporarily corrected by transfusion of whole blood. In addition, nutritional anemias are caused by dietary deficiencies of substances such as iron, folic acid, and vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)that are necessary for normal erythropoiesis.

SIGNS OF ANEMIA:

Pallor, breathlessness, tiredness, pica.

HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA:

In hemolytic anemia cells become fragile, so they rupture easily as they go through the capillaries, especially through the spleen. The life span of the fragile red blood cells is so short that the cells are destroyed faster than they can be formed and serious anemia can result. In hereditary spherocytosis, the red cells are very small and spherical rather than being biconcave discs. On passing through the splenic pulp and some other tight vascular beds, they are easily ruptured by even slight compression. In erythroblastosis fetalis, Rh-positive red blood cells in the fetus are attacked by antibodies from an Rh-negative mother. These antibodies make the Rh-positive cells fragile, leading to rapid rupture and causing the child to be born with serious anemia. The extremely rapid formation of new red blood cells to make up for the destroyed cells in erythroblastosis fetalis causes a large number of early blast forms of red cells to be released from the bone marrow into the blood. In sickle cell anemia, which is present in 0. 3 to 1. 0 percent of west African and American blacks, the cells have an abnormal type of hemoglobin called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin S is caused by point mutation in both genes coding for beta chain, which results in decreased solubility in deoxy form. Sickel cell anemia is a homozygous, recessive disorder. Sickel cell anemia is characterized by life long episodes of pain (crises), chronic hemolytic anemia with associated hyperbilirubinemia and increased susceptibilty to infection,usually beginning in early childhood. when this hemoglobin is exposed to low concentration of oxygen, it precipitates into long crystals inside the red blood cell. These crystals elongate the cell and give it the appearance of a sickle rather than a biconcave disc and occulate a blood vessel.…

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Canine Lupus – A Complete Guide

Canine Lupus – A Complete Guide

In this article we will discuss everything there is to know about Canine Lupus including the causes and signs and symptoms of the disease.

This condition is sometimes referred to by it’s scientific name Lupus Erythematosus.

There are actually two forms of this disease one of which is more common in certain dog breeds. One is referred to as Canine Discoid Lupus (CDL) and the other Canine Systemic (CSL)

The disease is caused when the antibodies that are supposed to protect your dog start to attack the body tissue. It is not a very common disease and is relatively rare.

CDL is more common in Huskys, Collies, Sheepdogs, German Shepherds and also Pointers. CDL is the more common form of the two varieties.

CDL will often display symptoms around the nose and face as this is where this variety is prone to attack.

The disease will also start attacking your dogs vital organs including the Liver, Heart, Kidneys, areas of Skin, the Joints and even the Lungs – this is why the disease is so dangerous and needs treatment during the very early stages.Symptoms can include

You may notice that your dog starts to lose areas of fur.

Your dog may develop crusty skin that also develops lesions in specific areas

As the disease also affects the joints it can cause your dog to become lame due to the onset of Arthritis

You may notice that your dog becomes more tired after exercise or tired and lethargic generally.

Your pooch may also develop pale gums – this is a sign that your pooch has developed Anemia.

The nasal cavity may start to scar due to the disease.

If the Kidneys have been directly affected you may notice that your dog starts to drink more water and urinate more often.

Your dog may start to suffer with aching muscles that are also painful.Canine Lupus is a serious illness that needs treatment as soon as you notice any of the above symptoms.…

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What Is Anemia and What Causes It?

What Is Anemia and What Causes It?

Anemia is the lack of red blood cells in the blood stream, red blood cells are vital to your body’s health as there jobs is to carry oxygen around the body. Without them we cannot live, this is why it is important to have a plentiful supply. When we become anemia our bodies become tired, your skin may turn pale and you may become dizzy often. Usually the symptoms don’t become clear until the condition progresses, the only way to really prove you have anemia is by taking a blood test. Your blood will be examined by a professional to decide if you have a lack of red blood cells.

Different Types of Anemia

There are a few different forms of anemia, you will be able to determine which one you may have by talking to a professional such as a doctor.

Iron Deficiency 1mg of iron daily is enough to keep your iron levels high enough to produce the correct amount of hemoglobin, sometimes if our diets lack the correct amount of iron we may get anemia. It is more common in women who are menstruating because of blood lose so it is recommended they increase their iron intake.

You can find iron in many foods such as liver, kidney, black pudding, oat and wheat bran, cashew nuts and almonds along with plenty of other tasty foods.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Lack of vitamin B12 in our diet can cause reduced production of hemoglobin, vitamin B12 is usually found in animal products so vegans and vegetarians may lack this. Although it may not be down to just diet, some people lack the ability to absorb vitamin B12 through the walls of the stomach. This type of anemia usually occurs in those over 40 with thyroid or diabetic problems. It is also more common in people of northern European descent with fair skin.

Sickle Cell Anemia This is the most deadly form of anemia it affects around 0.5% of the population and is inherited, it most commonly affects African-Americans. The symptoms are pains in the joints and infections, heart failure can also occur.

Sickle cell anemia is when the red blood cells are deformed and unable to fit through blood vessels as they are very stiff.

Blood Loss When we have heavy blood loss, the body does not have enough iron to keep the body functioning this may results in anemia. Causes of blood loss may be heavy menstrual bleeding, internal bleeding, internal ulcers, cancer of the colon or wounds.

The diagnosis of anemia should be done by a doctor, never assume you may have anemia it is always better to get professional help.…

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Complications During Pregnancy – What You Should Do?

Complications During Pregnancy – What You Should Do?

Pregnant women should know how to take care of themselves as well as the life which grows in their womb. If you are a first timer when it comes to pregnancy, you must have the initiative to get to know what you don’t know and to ask the experts what has to be done for certain situations that may risk your life and the life of your child. There are certain complications that may occur during pregnancy, and such complications must be addressed properly through the right guidance.

Negligence may always lead to something that a person will regret to happen in the future. That is why you shouldn’t be uninformed of your current situation if you are pregnant. As much as possible you should visit your doctor, and get updates regarding your current health situation, so you can take care of yourself and the baby inside your womb.

It is essential that the pregnant woman carrying the child should prevent herself from getting exposed to sick people or to any possible danger that can cause any complications that may occur during pregnancy. Of course it is better to prevent things from happening than actually finding a cure for any specific complication. To be able to assure that you are getting the right assistance, you should get hold of the best prenatal care that can be given to you. You may want to opt for a place that is within your locality so you do not have any excuses no to go to your regular checkups.

It is also essential that you abide by your doctor’s recommendations. If you are required to take test during your pregnancy period or go through certain procedures such as ultrasounds and blood tests, you must abide by that. This will help determine if you and the child in your tummy are both safe from any possible complications that may occur during pregnancy.

The complications that women can encounter during pregnancy may include preeclampsia due to water loss, traces of protein in the urine and high blood pressure. Pregnant women may as well encounter anemia because of not having sufficient iron in the blood which is needed by the growing baby in your womb as well as the mother herself. Some pregnant women may as well encounter gestational diabetes which more often develops even if the mother doesn’t have diabetes before.

Such complications may be triggered by either the mother’s lifestyle or by simply neglecting what you should be doing for you and your baby during the pregnancy period. Do not just rely on what elder people will tell you about regarding your baby’s condition as well as yours. You have to rely on what the experts have to say to make sure that you don’t encounter any complication on or before giving birth to your baby. Doing some research on what you have to expect during pregnancy is the best eye opener. You may as well have to monitor stages of pregnancy to determine risk factors as well as the time where complication can be developed by you or your child.…

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Effects of Hyperthyroidism and Pregnancy

Effects of Hyperthyroidism and Pregnancy

Hyperthyroidism is a condition when the thyroid gland in our body overproduces two hormones – T3 and T4. The thyroid gland controls our metabolism and the hormones produced by the thyroid have a vital role to play in practically everything our body does, especially the functioning of the nervous system.

When a person has hyperthyroidism, the excess hormones secreted cause pretty much the same effect as a load of adrenaline dumped into our blood stream – the heart speeds up, you breathe faster and everything in your body speeds up including your digestive system. The effects of hyperthyroidism in women can sometimes mimic the signs exhibited during pregnancy. If you are pregnant, you should get yourself checked for this condition – hyperthyroidism and pregnancy don’t mix, you want your baby to be safe at all costs.

The probability of a pregnant woman being diagnosed with hyperthyroidism is about 0.2%. When you are pregnant, trying to spot symptoms of hyperthyroidism can be confusing – but on no account should you neglect the condition. Untreated hyperthyroidism during pregnancy may result in the baby having hyperthyroidism as well, especially if the mother has severe hyperthyroidism. If you don’t have this condition treated this is what can happen –

Anemia – Iron deficiency is a well-known effect of this disease. You run the risk of contacting severe anemia and this certainly will not be good for the baby.

Infection – Hyperthyroidism in mothers-to-be puts them at increased risk when it comes to infections. Any infection you get is bound to be transmitted to your baby and must be avoided at all costs.

Pre-eclampsia – Hyperthyroidism can cause high blood pressure in the mother-to-be and this can endanger both the mother and baby. This is usually accompanied by an excess of protein in the urine and can pose a significant threat to the mother and baby.

Risk Factor – This condition causes an increased risk of miscarriage, birth defects, and small or premature baby.

However, hyperthyroidism can be treated with appropriate medication or surgical procedure even during pregnancy. So, in case of hyperthyroidism and pregnancy occurring at the same time in a woman, treatment is possible and effects may be seen in a few weeks. The medication needs to be continued after delivery, too.…