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The Annual Test All Women Need – Preventing Iron-Deficiency Anemia with the Ferritin Test

The Annual Test All Women Need – Preventing Iron-Deficiency Anemia with the Ferritin Test

Anemia is a well-known disease. It affects more women than men, and, with current dietary trends women are at risk more than ever for developing iron-deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia begins when the stores of iron in the bone marrow, liver, and spleen become depleted. As the stores get low, the TIBC (total iron binding count) becomes elevated and anemia results.

Anemia develops slowly. Because of the gradual nature, it can be hard to recognize that something is wrong. Women are often told their tiredness and mental fog is due to being a mom with young children, or when they complain of heart palpitations or chest pressure they might be told it is caused by stress. Dizziness might be attributed to dehydration or low blood sugar, and shortness of breath might not be considered in concert with the other symptoms. Often, the only test run is the CBC, which among other things measures the hematocrit and hemoglobin. With iron deficiency anemia, however, the hematocrit and hemoglobin are the last to be affected. By the time these numbers are dropping, the body has been under a great deal of stress for some time.

Not having enough blood affects every organ in the body. If it goes untreated, it can lead to organ failure, including a heart attack and/or stroke. It is not a disease to be ignored and yet it is under-diagnosed and misunderstood by many medical professionals.

There are other causes of anemia, such as rapid blood loss, genetic factors, or more serious diseases like cancer, of which the treatments can cause anemia. But, iron deficiency anemia is a disease on the rise and it deserves more attention.

In traditional societies, iron rich foods have been an important part of childbearing women’s diets. Mussels, oysters, legumes and red meat, especially liver, are good sources of iron. Current diet trends toward more grains and less red meat have left women more susceptible to developing iron deficiency anemia. Red meat, in particular has perfect amounts of zinc, B12, and iron. Even just small amounts of red meat on a regular basis can protect against anemia.

But, the most important step toward preventing iron-deficiency anemia can be a simple blood test. Testing serum ferritin levels on a regular basis can give women and their health care providers the chance to head off anemia before it begins. Ferritin is the level of iron stores in the bone marrow, spleen or liver. Current laboratory reference ranges tend to be too low and many doctors do not realize that levels below 50 ng/mL can be the beginning of a trend toward iron deficiency. Levels between 70 and 100 are healthy numbers for childbearing women. With lower levels, taking an iron supplement on a daily basis, eating well, and testing the blood levels on a 3-6 month basis can be all a woman needs to ensure against anemia.

An excellent resource on iron-deficiency anemia is the National Anemia Action Council.…

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Natural Treatment of Dogs Anemia With Homeopathy

Natural Treatment of Dogs Anemia With Homeopathy

The natural treatment of dogs anemia can work very well when using homeopathy. Homeopathy works by raising the level of the immune system, which is obviously very low in a dog with anemia.

The homeopathic medicine Natrum muriaticum (Nat mur) is made from rock salt. And it is the excessive intake of salt that can be the cause of many maladies, such as anemia. Excess salt puts all the other nutrients out of balance.

Most commercial dog food has too much salt in, so if you are feeding your dog a commercial brand of dog food, this is most likely the cause of the anemia. So by continuing to feed commercial dog food may make this a recurring theme in your dog’s health.

By giving the source of the problem (in this case, the salt) back in a homeopathic (or energetic) form, you are undoing the harm done in the first place.

To select a homeopathic medicine which will have the desired result of raising the immune system, you need to match your dog’s symptoms with some of those of the medicine.

The symptoms of Nat mur include:

chronic anemia

a high thirst

ascites, dropsy or oedema

dry mucous membranes, such as the nose

thin, watery nasal discharge

obstructed nose, so mouth breathes

oral herpes – vesicles (blisters), aphthous ulcers, etc

nephritis, or kidney inflammation with involuntary urination

weak limbs, tender back

loss of hair, with itching

You don’t need to have all the symptoms, but certainly at least three. Nat mur is also a great medicine in the treatment of depression that developed from unresolved grief. Unresolved emotions can play havoc on yours dog’s health just as much as it can on yours. By resolving the grief, the others symptoms disappear, too.…

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Immune System Diseases in Your Pet

Immune System Diseases in Your Pet

Immune System Diseases That Can Affect Your Pet

Immune system diseases can be those that affect the immune system of your pet. Autoimmune diseases are the conditions in which the body is actually attacking itself. Pet autoimmune disorders takes place when the one or more aspects of the pet’s immune system becomes overactive. If this happens the capacity of the immune system to distinguish between the “self” and “foreign” is not functioning. Specifically, the immune system cannot distinguish if some proteins are part of the pet’s tissue or organ, or if it is an invader from the outside. In auto immune diseases, the pet’s body stops creating antibodies to fight invasions of foreign bodies, and instead begins producing antibodies to destroy normal cells.

When your pet, whether it is a dog or a cat develops an autoimmune disease, it can be for a variety of reasons. The exact reason is not known, but veterinarians suspect that this type of disease can be the result of a malfunction due to infection or prolonged exposure to toxins. In fact, one theory is that the immunizations may cause certain types of autoimmune disease.

What are the most common autoimmune disorders that can affect your pet?

1) Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia – This is a disorder that causes the animal to produce antibodies to fight their own red blood cells. The result is anemia.

2) Hypothyroidism – Sometimes called lupus, this disorder causes your pet to form antibodies as well. But the antibodies fight against a variety of tissues including the kidneys, skin and blood cells and the dog’s thyroid gland.

This disorder is usually seen in dogs that are middle-aged and older dogs. The breeds that are more affected by this problem are Old English Sheepdogs, Doberman Pinschers, Irish Setters, Great Danes, Shetland Sheepdogs and Labradors.

3) Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca – Also called KCS or dry eye, this is usually related to dogs and causes the development of antibodies against the tear glands. The result of this disorder is eye disease that is chronic in nature.

4) Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia – Causing a reduction in the ability for the blood to clot, this is a disease in which the animal produces antibodies against their own blood platelets.

5) Rheumatoid Arthritis – Occurring in smaller breeders of dogs, this condition usually affects dogs between five and six years old. Rheumatoid arthritis strikes the joints which become painful, stiff and swollen. Sometimes it can cause the dog to be lame.

There may also be a fever and your dog may lose his appetite. Other parts of the body can be affected as well including the onset of kidney disease, tonsillitis, enlarged lymph nodes and pneumonia.

6) Pemphigus – Pemphigus is more common in certain breeds than others. Veterinarians say that Dobermans, Newfoundlands, dachshunds, chows and Akitas are more prone to this autoimmune disorder. The immune system does not function properly and the dog will develop this skin disease that begins to attack the skin cells.

As this happens the presence of sores will form on the dog’s feet, legs, ears and face. They may also run a fever and lose their appetite.

There are treatments for autoimmune diseases in pets. Some dogs are more susceptible to these problems than others. There are also more dogs affected than cats. Although research is still ongoing in the cause and prevention of these disorders, the main way of determining what the problem is and how to treat it is to schedule regular appointments with your veterinarian. Seek a veterinarian in your area who uses integrative or alternative therapies. This would be a vet who is open to other treatment options rather than standard drug therapy.…

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Symptoms of Anemia

Symptoms of Anemia

Anemia is one of the most common conditions family physicians see in the office. Anemia is defined as a lower than normal hemoglobin level in the blood stream. Hemoglobin is the oxygen carrying protein in our red blood cells, and is measured directly by most automated lab testing equipment and has replaced hematocrit as the gold standard measurement for assessing anemia. The hematocrit is the percentage of whole blood that is red blood cells, the rest being plasma, and is a calculated value by most modern labs. A normal hemoglobin level is from 12-16 mg/dl in women, and from 13-17 mg/dl in men.

Since hemoglobin carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body some symptoms of anemia are directly related to the body’s attempts to increase oxygen delivery. These symptoms often include:

Tachycardia: This is an abnormally fast heart rate. In an attempt to increase cardiac output and deliver more oxygen rich blood from the lungs anemic patients often have both resting and exertional tachycardia. Patients may describe this as a pounding or fast heartbeat.

Dyspnea on exertion: The lack of oxygen being delivered to the tissues due to low hemoglobin levels frequently leads to a feeling of shortness of breath, called dyspnea, with exertion.

Dizziness on standing upright: This is called orthopnea in medical circles, and is related to a drop in blood pressure.

Other symptoms that are common with anemia include fatigue, insomnia, paleness of the skin and eyes, trouble thinking or concentrating, and cramping of the legs.

Specific causes of anemia can be associated with other symptoms more specific to that type of anemia. Iron deficiency, which can lead to a microcytic anemia, is sometimes associated with ingestion of things not usually eaten, especially ice. This is called pica. Iron deficiency can also cause cracking of the corners of the mouth. Vitamin B12 deficiency is often associated with symptoms of a peripheral neuropathy. This is often pain or burning in the feet or legs. B12 deficiency can also cause more serious neurologic symptoms.

Hemolytic anemia is a type of anemia caused by the rapid destruction of red blood cells, usually due to an autoimmune process where the body develops antibodies against the red blood cells. In this type of anemia patients may develop jaundice due to metabolize and get rid of the bilirubin that is a metabolic byproduct of hemoglobin. It can also be associated with enlargement of the liver and spleen or dark-colored urine.…

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Autoimmune Diseases and Some Important Immunological Disorders

Autoimmune Diseases and Some Important Immunological Disorders

The auto-immune diseases result from immunologically mediated tissue destruction where the antigens involved are autologous. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of auto-immune diseases.

Forbidden clone theory: All the clones which react with self antigens are destroyed during intra-uterine life but such a clone may be generated by somatic mutation in later life.

Sequestrated antigen theory: Antigens exposed to lymphoid system during intra-uterine life are recognized as self. But some tissues (e.g, lens, thyroid, CNS) are anatomically sequestered or guarded from the lymphocytes. In adult life, when such antigens are exposed the immune system reacts against them.

Suppressor cell (TS) deficiency: Small quantities of thyroglobulin (and other auto-antigens) are seen in circulation even in normal persons, but they are below the threshold level for immuno-stimulation. The suppressor cells also inhibit sensitization. In persons with deficient TS activity, inappropriate immune reactions are produced.

genetic effect: Auto-immune diseases show a familial distribution and female preponderance. Many of them are associated with particular HLA types. These suggest that genetic predisposition may play a role in their pathogenesis.

Modified antigenic structure: Normal tissues may be altered by micro-organisms, making them antigenic. Drugs such as methyl-DOPA may act as haptens combining with cellular proteins. These altered proteins can elicit immunological responses. Antibodies once produced will attack not only the hapten, but also the carrier molecules.

Cross reacting antibodies: Antibodies produced against exogenous antigens can cross react with tissue proteins e.g post-rabies vaccine encephalitis, and post-streptococcal rheumatic fever. In any given instance one or more of the above mechanisms may be operative.

Some Important immunological disorders

1. Organ specific diseases

a. Pernicious anemia: auto-antigen are Parietal cells of stomach (Diagnostic test- Immunoflourescence test) and Intrinsic factor (Neutralization test).

b. Ulcerative colitis: Auto-antigens are Lipopolysaccharides of mucous membrane of colon Immunoflourescence test)

c. Acute post-streptococcal Nephritis: Auto-antigen is the streptococcal antigen (Complement fixation test and Immunoflourescence test).

d. Sympathetic Pphthalmia: Auto-antigen is the Uveal protein Skin test).

e. Bullous pemphigoid: Auto-antigen is the basement membrane (Immunoflourescence tests).

f. Pemphigus Vulgaris; Auto-antigens are the Desmosomes (Immunoflourescence tests).

g. Thyrotoxicosis by LATS (Long acting thyroid stimulator): Cell surface receptor proteins (Bioassay).

h. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: Thyroglobulin microsomes (Passive hemagglutination and Complement fixation test).

2. Affecting two or more organ systems

a. Goodpasture’s syndrome: Glomerular and lung basement membrane (Immunoflourescence test).

b. Auto-immune hemolytic anemia: Membrane proteins of RBC (Coomb’s test).

c. Immune-thrombocytopenia: Platelet components (Demonstration of antibody)

d. Myasthenia gravis: Skeletal, heart and thymus myoid cells (Immunoflourescence tests).

e. Primary biliary cirrhosis: Liver and Kidney mitochondria (Immunoflourescence tests).

f. Rheumatic fever: Streptococcal antigen cross reacting with heart and joint tissues (Immunoflourescence).

3. systemic or generalized diseases

a. Rheumatoid arthritis: Immunoglobulins, especially IgG (Latex agglutination)

b. Sjogren’s disease: Ductus mitochondria of glands (Immunoflourescence tests).

c. Systemic Lupus erythematosus: Nuclear DNA and nucleo-proteins (Immunofloresence tests).

d. Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma): Nuclear proteins (Immunoflorescence tests).…

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How To Improve Your Home: A Short Guide

It does not matter if you are inexperienced at home improvement, or if you have completed various project successfully, you can find it difficult to make the decision to begin something new. This guide will give you tricks and tips on how to start any type of home improvement project.

You should hire a contractor when taking on a major home improvement project. If you do not have any professional training, your plans may ignore function in favor of form. Someone who professionally designs will do it the right way and you will avoid any disaster.

Sign a contract before you allow any contractor to start working. If you can, have a lawyer review the contract before moving forward. You want Renovation Contractor to ensure that all terms are clearly defined in the contact, such as warranty facts, specifics of the work expected, cost and project dates.

Add some insulation the next time you renovate your home. Use weather stripping around windows and doors. This helps seal up the air from entering your home, which in turn allows your cooling and heating systems to function a lot better. These small measures will add up to big savings in the long run.

Don’t forget about the area outside your house. Your backyard can be an attractive, cozy addition to your living space. It is the perfect area for barbecuing or simply relaxing after a long day at work.

If you’re thinking of making some improvements to your home, consider updating your front porch. This is the first things seen by visitors and it’s your home’s first impression. Keep this area clutter-free and enhance its look with flowers or patio furniture. This can increase the property value of your home.

Whether the seasoned professional or the novice, all projects can become trying and difficult. The tips in this article will give you some idea on what you need to do, and it will also make your house look wonderful.…

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Sickle Cell Anemia – A Hereditary Condition

Sickle Cell Anemia – A Hereditary Condition

Sickle cell anemia is an anemic condition which is genetically inherited and causes the red blood cells to form in an abnormal way. Normal red blood cells are round in shape and carry oxygen throughout the body, however, with sickle cell anemia the cells are more of a “C” shape or crescent moon which causes them to become lodged in blood vessels which slows down the flow of blood and oxygen throughout the body. These cells also die within ten to twenty days and as the bone marrow can not replace these red blood cells at a fast enough rate, this causes the condition of anemia.

Primary Symptoms

The primary symptoms are the same as the symptoms which are associated with all types of anemia which include tiredness and fatigue. Other symptoms can include chest pain, cold hands and feet, dizziness, headache, shortness of breath, and pale skin.

With sickle-cell anemia, individuals often have chronic pain due to a crisis which occurs when the clumping of sickle cells in the bloodstream causes the flow of blood to the tiny vessels of the organs and limbs to be blocked.

When a crisis occurs, the person experiencing it may suffer from acute pain. This pain typically lasts a few hours, but in severe cases, it may extend up to a few days. sickle cell anemia is most commonly diagnosed in infants after the age of four months old and primarily seen in people of African American descent.

The Treatment of Anemia

Treatments for sickle cell anemia are primarily focused on relieving the pain and complications caused by the symptoms associated with this disease as the only potential cure for sickle cell is a bone marrow transplant which has high risk factors which can be fatal and finding a donor with an exact match is extremely difficult.

Most individuals with sickle cell anemia are under constant medical care involving specialists dedicated to the treatment of this disease which involves a wide variety of treatments and medications.…