Certain Key Facts About Anemia
One of the most frequent kinds of nutritional deficiencies which are found widely amongst women in particular is the Iron deficiency which is also known as sideropenia or hypoferremia. Iron is a very important nutrient needed for our body and in turn it serves varied purposes and is a major constituent of each cell of our body. It serves the very major function of being the carrier of oxygen between the tissue and the lungs and is present in the form of hemoglobin.
Not only is iron present in the form of hemoglobin but, it is also present as the cytochromes in the cell which acts as the medium of transportation within the cell and iron plays a very crucial role in the enzymatic reactions occurring inside tissues. If the iron content lowers beyond the normal level which is supposed to be present in the cell, then it can result in morbidity and even death of the individual.
One of the frequent conditions arising due to iron deficiency is called anemia which is widely prevalent in pre-menopausal women and children. An average of 3.8 g of iron must be present in healthy men and around 2.3 g should be present in healthy women. There are bacteria which need iron for their proper growth and in case of the dearth of the nutrient it avoids their infectious development and to stop bacterial infections during fever, temporary hypoferremia is created in the body.
Various mechanisms occur inside our body which helps in controlling the iron metabolism happening in our cells and tissues and one of the major regulatory mechanisms is located in the gastrointestinal tract. If the proper compensation of iron does not occur as per its usage in the body, iron deficiency occurs.
Iron deficiency can cause several ailments to the human body such as chronic bleeding, excessive menstrual bleeding, non-menstrual bleeding and bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract such as ulcers or hemorrhoids. In extreme cases which are especially rare, laryngological bleeding which indicates bleeding from the respiratory tract can also occur.
The symptoms of iron deficiency can become visible in the human body even before the condition of anemia sets in. Since iron is used for varied functions, several symptoms of the deficiency can occur either because of anemia or because of the primary occurrence of the lack of iron in the body. The most common symptoms which are widely prevalent in people suffering from this ailment are fatigue, hair loss, pallor, weakness, irritability, pica, brittle nails, etc.
Iron deficiency in the earlier stages can be treated with adequate intake of rich nutritious foods which are rich in iron such as red meat, fish, poultry, lentils, beans, leaf vegetables, tofu, chickpeas, black-eyed peas, fortified bread, and fortified breakfast cereals and also by the intake of iron supplements such as ferrous sulfate, amino acid chelate tablets, etc. Iron deficiency can lead to drastic health consequences if not treated in time and it is better advised that people check the hemoglobin count of their body as often as possible.